Softwood Timber Species

 
   
   
   

Timber

Durability

Colour

Sizes available

 

Baltic Spruce

Non-Durable

Light

50 mm


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Trade Name:  Baltic Spruce
Botanical Species:  Picea abies (or, excelsa)
Other Names:  The common name in Australia & New Zealand is Baltic Pine although elsewhere it is normally called Norway Spruce or Whitewood of the country of origin i.e. Swedish Whitewood.
Color Heartwood colour is white to pale yellow with the sapwood indistinguishable.
   
Air Dry Density:  450kgs/m³ (average)
Durability:  Non-durable
Texture:   Fine texture
   

Grain:

Unlike other similar European timbers the growth rings are not very prominent and the wood is more lustrous. Although the small tight knots are common the timber is usually straight grained.

 

Tree: 

In most areas the tree grows to an average of 36 metres high with diameters about 750mm, however in the Carpathian Mountains of central Europe they grow up to 60 metres and almost 2 metres in diameter.

 

Uses:

Flooring, framing, panelling & cabinetry work.

 

Additional Info:

The timber is easily worked with hand or machine tools and when planed comes to a very smooth clean finish however the presence of very small tight knots may cause some difficulties. It takes nails and screws, and glues well and is a very good base for all coatings including stains, paints and varnish. The sapwood however is susceptible to Anobium borer and should be regularly inspected.

 

Cedar Western Red

Durable

Medium

25, 40, 50, 65, 75, 100, 150 mm


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Trade Name:  Cedar, Western Red
Botanical Species:  Thuja plicata
Other Names:   Giant Arbor Vitea, Red Cedar
Country of Origin:  U.S.A, Canada
Air Dry Density:  390kgs/m³
Durability:  Durable
Strength:   

4 (on a scale of 1 – 10)

 

Seasoning:

Smaller sizes dry easily, larger boards need extra care to prevent Internal checking and collapse.

Almost no tendencies to warp and check once dry with little swelling or shrinking movement.

   

Characteristics: 

A light timber with a distinctive odour, it is non-resinous and straight grained, with obvious growth rings.

Assumes a uniform reddish-brown colour once dried.

After long exposure wood becomes silver grey, this weathered look is often sought after.

 

Working Qualities: 

The timber is easily worked, but its brittle nature can cause splintering and its soft character can lead to chip-bruising.

Care should be taken when planning and moulding.

Sharp cutters will also help create a nice finish.

Stains and paints well.

 

Uses:

Interior panelling, fine furniture, interior and exterior joinery, weatherboards and cladding.

 

Product Attributes:

Available in fixed widths.

Veneers available.

Stains and paints well.

Long lengths available.

 

red_cedar_lg

Cedar-Yellow Alaskan

Durable

Light

50 mm


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Trade Name:

Yellow Cedar

Botanical Species:

Chamaecyparis Spach, Cupressus nootkatensis Lamb

Other Names: 

Pacific Coast or Alaska Yellow Cedar, Yellow Cyprus

Country of Origin:

Pacific Coast of North America

Air Dry Density:

500kgs/m³

Durability:  Durable
Strength: 

6 (on a scale of 1 – 10)

 

Seasoning:

Dries fairly easily and without undue degrade.

 

Characteristics: 

A pale yellow-coloured wood, with a fine even texture, which is straight grained.

It has no appreciable colour when dry.

Very stable.

Acid resistant.

 

Working Qualities: 

The timber is easily worked and finishes excellently.

It can be glued, stained, polished and varnishes well.

 

Uses:

High class joinery, boat building, cabinet work and veneers.

 

Product Attributes:

Consistent yellow colour.

Straight grain.

Machines and turns very well.

Veneers available.

fixed widths available.

 

Product Limitations:

Available in 50mm thickness only.

Kahikatea

Non-durable

Medium

25, 50 mm


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Trade Name:  Kahikatea
Botanical Species:

Podocarpus dacrydioides

Other Names:   White Pine
Country of Origin:

New Zealand

Air Dry Density:

465kgs/m³

Durability:

Non-durable

Strength:   

 

Seasoning:

The timber dries easily and well, but there is a danger of sap-stain during air drying.

There is small movement in service.

   

Characteristics: 

The creamy-white wood of kahikatea is light and easily worked. It is straight grained with a fine even texture, providing long, clear lengths in wide widths for sawing.

It is not durable and is especially subject to damage by house borer.

Nevertheless, it has many excellent properties including the absence of odour.

 

Working Qualities: 

The timber works easily and well with both hand and machine tools.

It holds nails and screws well, glues and finishes smoothly to a surface ideal for painting, varnishing or polishing.

 

Uses:

Building construction, scaffold planks, fascia boards, weatherboards (when treated), flooring, framing, joinery, kitchen furniture, boat building, domestic woodware, mouldings, casks and boxes.

It is an excellent turnery wood.

Also used in the manufacture of ice cream spoons and cocktail sticks, toothpicks etc.

Selected logs converted into plywood and decorative veneers.

It is not recommended for exterior use with stain or a dark finish.

Often H3 treated for boat building purposes.

 

Product Attributes:

The wood is odourless

Veneers available.

 

Product Limitations:

Subject to damage by house borer.

 

Kauri – Malaysian

Moderately Durable

Light

25, 40, 50 mm


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Trade Name:

Kauri – Malaysian

Botanical Species:

Agathis borneensis

Other Names:   
Country of Origin:  Malaysia
Air Dry Density:  

540kgs/m³

Durability:

Moderately Durable

Strength: 

6+ (on a scale of 1 – 10)

 

Seasoning:

Malaysian Kauri presents no special problems in drying and can be kiln dried from the green in 25, 40 and 50mm.

Heavier sizes can be air dried to prevent surface checking.

The timber has high degree of stability and is subject to medium shrinkage.

   

Characteristics: 

Heartwood is pale cream to golden brown in colour, the sapwood is straw to pale brown, texture is fine and the grain is mainly straight.

It is non-tainting.

 

Working Qualities: 

It is an excellent timber for sawing and machining.

It planes and sands well with only slight chipping in regions of reverse grain.

It screws and glues well and stains and polishes well.

Turning properties are excellent.

It can be drilled cleanly.

 

Uses:

Kauri has a traditionally world-wide reputation in boat building, i.e. planks, masts, spars, and oars, because of its excellent working properties and high degree of stability it is used for exterior / interior joinery, furniture, weatherboards, panelling, sarking, mouldings, picture framing and turnery.

 

Product Attributes:

Pale cream to golden brown timber.

Takes stain and polish well.

Veneers available in Fijian Kauri.

Fixed widths available.

Good stability.

Fine texture with mainly straight grain.

Easily machined or turned.

 

Product Limitations:

Can be easily bruised.

 

Larch ( European )

Moderatley Durable

Medium

150x25mm,150x32mm,150x50


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Trade Name:  Siberian Larch, Knotty Larch
Botanical Species:  Larix sibirica
Other Names:   European Larch
Country of Origin:  Siberia, Russia
Air Dry Density:  570-650 kg/m3
Durability:  Moderately Durable
Strength:   SD6

Other content here.

Siberian Larch Gate

Macrocarpa

Moderately Durable

Light

25, 50 mm


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Trade Name:  Macrocarpa
Botanical Species:

Cupressus macrocarpa

Other Names: 

Monterey Cypress

Country of Origin:

U.S.A

Air Dry Density:

485kgs/m³

Durability:

Moderately Durable

Strength:   

 

Seasoning:

It is difficult to kiln dry with cell collapse and checking.

Low shrinkage factor.

   

Characteristics: 

Honey brown in colour and beautifully scented.

It is a moderately stiff, strong timber. 

 

Working Qualities: 

Macrocarpa machines and turns well owing to its fine texture.

Will accept a variety of paints, oils and varnishes.

 

Uses:

Structural beams, framing, flooring, sarking, wall paneling, cabinetry, exterior cladding, decking, pergolas, furniture and landscaping.

 

Product Attributes:

Naturally resistant to insect and fungal attack.

 

Product Limitations:

Difficult to kiln dry.

 

Matai

Durable

Medium

25 mm


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Trade Name:  Matai
Botanical Species:

Podocarpus spicatus

Other Names: 

Black Pine

Country of Origin:

New Zealand

Air Dry Density:

600kgs/m³

Durability:

Durable

Strength: 

6+ (on a scale of 1 – 10)

 

 

Seasoning:

The timber has high degree of stability and is subject to medium shrinkage.

   

Characteristics: 

Heartwood is a straw to yellow colour with the occasional reddish tinge and even colour, the sapwood is white and can be easily distinguished, the texture is fine and the grain is mainly straight.

 

Working Qualities: 

The timber planes and sands well with only slight chipping in regions of reverse grain.

It screws and glues well and stains and polishes well.

Turning properties are excellent.

It can be drilled cleanly.

Pre-boring for nailing is recommended.

 

Uses:

Used extensively for T & G flooring in older houses, interior joinery, furniture, panelling, sarking, mouldings.

 

Product Attributes:

Pale cream to golden brown timber.

Veneers available.

Fixed widths available.

Good stability.

Fine texture with mainly straight grain.

Easily machined or turned.

Takes stain and polish well.

 

Product Limitations:

Wider widths are often difficult to source.

 

Oregon

Durable

Medium

50, 100 mm


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Trade Name:  Oregon
Botanical Species:

Pseudotsuga menziesi

Other Names: 

Douglas Fir.

Country of Origin:

North America also Plantations in New Zealand

Air Dry Density:

550kgs/m³

Durability:

Durable

Strength: 

7 (on a scale from 1 – 10)

 

Seasoning:

Relatively easy to dry but the tangential surface is prone to surface checking.

End splitting is likely if drying is too rapid.

   

Characteristics: 

Heartwood is a pale pinkish brown and the sapwood is almost white.

The wood is typically straight grained with a fine even texture but varying in density according to the locality of growth.

 

Working Qualities: 

Care is needed in dressing because the softer early wood may be compressed and later, on recovery, produce a ridged surface. This characteristic makes it unsuitable for steam bending.

Inclined to split when nailed near ends of piece. Resin content can be high, causing occasional bleed-through of paint films.

 

Uses:

General timber for internal framing, interior joinery, boat building, sarking.

 

Product Attributes:

Consistent colour.

Machines and turns well.

Quarter sawn boards available.

Good lengths available.

Very stable in use.

Veneers available.

 

Product Limitations:

 

Pine Radiata

Non-durable

Light

25, 40, 50, 75, 100 mm


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Trade Name:

Radiata Pine

Botanical Species:

Pinus radiata

Other Names: 

Monterey Pine

Country of Origin:

North America

Air Dry Density:

500kgs/m³

Durability:

Non-durable

Strength: 

6 (on a scale of 1 – 10)

 

Seasoning:

Dries well with little degrade.

   

Characteristics: 

The timber is low in density and fairly soft, often with very wide annual growth rings.

The heartwood is light brown to yellow, the sapwood white to pale yellow, but often indistinct.

The grain is usually straight, but knots are common.

 

Working Qualities: 

Radiata Pine is very easily worked with standard tools, although its knotty character and resin canals can cause premature blunting cutters.

Its open grain structure readily accepts preservative treatment, which can provide protection to the highest level.

 

Uses:

Suitable for furniture and cabinets, joinery, paneling, construction mouldings and decking.

When used outside tanalised timber should be used.

Selected logs are sliced for attractive decorative veneers for paneling.

   

Product Attributes:

Veneers available.

   

Product Limitations:

 

Rimu

Moderately Durable

Medium

25, 50 mm


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Trade Name:  Rimu
Botanical Species:

Dacrydium cupressinum

Other Names: 

Red Pine

Country of Origin:

New Zealand

Air Dry Density:

560kgs/m³

Durability:

Moderately Durable

Strength:   SD7

 

Seasoning: 

Medium

   

Characteristics: 

Rimu is a medium density softwood with a fine textured grain, the heart wood is reddish brown.

The middle zone known as coloured Rimu has a light brown colour and the sap wood a Pale lighter brown tone.

 

Working Qualities: 

The timber works easily and well with both hand and machine tools. it glues and finishes smoothly to a surface ideal for painting, varnishing or polishing.

 

Uses:

T & Gflooring, joinery, kitchens,  furniture,  mouldings, cabinetmaking

 

Product Attributes:

The Heartwood has a beautiful lustre when oiled.

Veneers available.

 

Product Limitations:

Tendency to be brittle with age.